Tuesday, July 3, 2012

Pattakarars , royal families of the Kongu Nadu



There have been 36 titled royal families of the Kongu region, known as the Pattakarars. They are;
1) Pundurai Pattakarar - Nannavudayar - ('Sa' Kadai gotram) , Erode

   This is the first pattakarar family in kongu region.  this is belongs to Sa kadai gotrathars . it is the first kaani of Kaadai kootam. Karuthampalayam in Aval Pundhurai village  is pattakarar's place. This pattakarar has rights to place Kongu region head place Karuvur Pasupathiswara temple's kalasam  & Chera king mudi suttal. this pattakarar's family helped Theeran chinnamalai & lost all properties.

2) Vellode Pattakarar - Ulagudayar - (Sathandhai gotram), Erode

3) Nasiyanur Pattakarar - ('Moda' Kanna gotram)

4) Elumathur Pattakarar - Nallakumarudayar - (Panangadai gotram), Erode

5) Morur Pattakarar - Kangayar - (Kanna gotram), Tiruchengode

     Arthanareeswarar Temple, Tiruchengode,The temple was built by Morur "Suryakangeyan" who belongs to morur kannan kulam of kongu naatu vellala gounders

6) Paruthipalli Pattakarar - Deverayar - Mudali Kamindan - (Chella gotram) , Tiruchengode
     

7) Elur Pattakarar - Kangayar - (Panna gotram)
    
    

8) Sankaradamplayam Pattakkarar - Venadudayar - (Periya Kulam),Dharapuram,Tirupur

 Karikala Chola married a Velir girl from Nangur and Sankaradamplayam Pattakkarar family first person is karikalan uncle Irumpitarthalaiyan

The life and history of the legendary Periyanna Venadudayar (பெரியண்ண வேணுடுடையார்), the most popular Kongu Chieftain in the recent history remains a source of inspiration to the Kongu people. Sri Periyanna Vaenadudeyar coming from the Royal family of Sankaradampalayam Pattakkarars who have strong history of bravely resisting the British attempts to subjugate Kongu Nadu and its population under British rule.

9) Mulanur Pattakarar - Tondaiman - (Pusa gotram),Dharapuram,Tirupur

10) Puthur Pattakkarar - Pallavarayar - (Cenkannan Kulam), Kangeyam, Tirupur
11) Kadaiyur Pattakkarar - Kangayar - (Muzhukkadhu Porulanthai Kulam) 
12) Anoor (Palayakottai) Pattakkarar - Sarkkarai -Mandradiar - (Payiran Kulam)
      
Theeran Chinnamalai belonged to the illustrious and well known Palaiya Kottai Pattakarar Family. It is well known that Pattakarar family had the title of Manradiar and controlled large tracts of land from their palace located at Palayam Kootai.
Theerthagiri Gounder comes from the Royal House of Palayakottai Pattakarar family of Kangeyam. Dheeran was born into the "Payiran Kootam". The Palayakottai Pattakarar family had the title of "Mandradiar" and controlled large tracts of land from their royal palace at Palayakottai. Dheeran Chinnmalai's grandfather "Kotravel Sarkarai Mandradiar" was issueless

13) Valliyarachal Pattakarar - Tondaiman - (Pilla gotram) are the top thirteen, Tirupur


Kongu Zamin Family


Kalingarayar (Zamin of Uthukuli)

Zamin Uthukuli - Kalingarayar


Zamin Uthikuli has a great heritage of the 'Kalingarayar' rule during the Zamindari system before freedom. The Zamindars of uthukuli have the surname 'Kalingarayar' they belong to the higher society of the Kongu Vellalla Goundars in Tamilnadu
Diwan Bahadur Agathur Muthuramaswami Kalingarayar made liberal contributions for public utilities in Coimbatore - towards the construction of a hospital and later for a college and Rs. 1,000 for an operation shed in the Veterinary Hospital




Vanavarayar (the Zamin of Samathur)

Maruthapushpambal, the last zamindarini of Samathur and Kottampatti, 
Grand daughter of Agathur Muthuramasamy Kalingarayar, Diwan Bahadur of Utthukuli Zamin, she married Balagopala Kulandai Velayudhasamy Vanavarayar, zamindar of Samathur and Kottampatti .
She was the foster mother of B.K.Krishnaraj Vanavarayar, industrialist and chairman of the Bharathiya Vidya Bhavan, Coimbatore Kendra. B.K.Krishnaraj Vanavarayar is only son in law of pollachi Dr. N. Mahalingam Gounder is the Chairman of Sakthi group
 Keeranur of the Glorious Goddess Kandi Amman the presiding deity of my Pavala Kulam and also of Kanakkan Kulam part of the Kongu Clan


Zamin of Kumaramangalam

Zamin of Kumaramangalam Nanjayya(Thooran Kulam) who build the Kalingarayan dam in Bhavani river and check dam near Poolampatty near Kumarapalayam are still serving the people in this area.He constructed a Manimandabam on the Thiruchengodu Hill for Arthanareeswarar devotees.
Subbarayan was born to Paramasiva Gounder in the family estate of Kumaramangalam near Thiruchengode.
Paramasiva Subbarayan was an Indian politician, freedom fighter and diplomat and was the Chief Minister of Madras Presidency, India’s ambassador to Indonesia and Union Minister of Transport and Communications in Jawaharlal Nehru’s government.


Konganapuram Zamin (கொங்கணாபுரம் ஜமீன் (சங்ககிரி பகுதி))

- Sri Rangasamy Gounder, Sri Sengotuvellappa Gounder and Sri Nachiappa Gounder - The descendants of Zamindari of Konganapuram

Puravipalayam zameen


The ancestry of the Gopanna Mandradiars goes back many centuries. Many interesting incidents are recounted about the clan and its history. 
Belonging to the Puluva Gounder community, this group claims it belongs to the lineage of the legendary Saivite Kannappa Nayanar.
 From inscriptions in the Perur Patteshwarar temple, we get to know about Kandhaswami Gopanna Mandradiar raising the foundation level 
of the temple
 7;s sanctum sanctorum during the time of Alagathiri Nayak.
They have been patrons and built many temples like the hill temple of Pon Velayudhaswami at Kinathukadavu.
 The Periyakalanthai Eshwar and Sulakal Mariamman temples have been bestowed with hundreds of acres of land 
and the famous temple car in the Sulakal temple was gifted by them. 
 The last ruler or zamindar was Jagan Mandalathipathi Gopanna Mandradiar,



Significance of the Kongu region
The Kongu region flourishes mainly due to their extreme hard work, commitment, objective nature and innovation in their respective fields.
  1. Agriculture- the whole of Kongunadu
  2. Textiles - Tirupur, Coimbatore, Erode, Perundurai, Gobichettipalayam, Attur, Pallipalayam, Tiruchengode, Salem, Rasipuram, Dharmapuri, Namakkal, Karur, Kallakurichi, Dharapuram.
  3. White silk - Gobichettipalayam - First automated Silk reeling unit in India.
  4. Poultry - Namakkal
  5. Education - Coimbatore, Erode, Gobichettipalayam, Tiruchengode, Rasipuram, Namakkal, Salem.
  6. Automobiles - Coimbatore, Namakkal, Tiruchengode, Perundurai, Salem.
  7. Milk - Erode (Aavin), Karur
  8. Edible oil - Erode
  9. Turmeric - Erode has the largest market in South India), Gobichettipalayam.
  10. Pump Industry - Coimbatore
  11. Vegetables - Oddanchatram


     Hi , Please Take a survey
    click on Kongu Vellalar Survey

6 comments:

  1. A surprise for me here. That is the name of Irumpitarthalaiyan .

    Because here in Thanjavur District , we have a village called Irumbhuthalai and it is said that , it got its name from Irumpitarthalaiyan , who was a Chola General.

    Wish to hear form you about the link .

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. http://konguvenadar.org/venadar-vamsavali/irumbidar-talaiyar-venudar-varalaru-p-32.html look out this there is proof and history about Irumpitarthalaiyan

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  2. இரும்பிடர்த் தலையார் வேணாடர் ஆன வரலாறு
    http://konguvenadar.org/venadar-vamsavali/irumbidar-talaiyar-venudar-varalaru-p-32.html

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hi ,

    History as it that the zamins of Vannavarayar and vallavarayar of Agamudyar ancestry the Agamudyars had merged with the native vellalas and now deem them as vellala's however proofs can be seen from the folowing that makes it clear that these are agamudyar zamins, as we all know that irumbuthalai is subdivision of the Agamudyars,

    ஆதாரம்: கணக்கன் கூட்டத்தார் பட்டயம், பக்கம் 233-243, `

    அகமுடையாரை பற்றிய கல்வெட்டு சின்னமனூர் கல்வெட்டில்,
    “பிள்ளை குலசேகர மாவலி வானாதிராய அகம்படிய முதலி சிங்க தேவன் ” என்று குலசேகர மாவலி வானதிராயரை பற்றி குறிப்பிடுகிறது.
    சேரனுக்கு வானவன்,மலையன்,வானவரம்பன் என்ற பெயர்கள் உண்டு. வானவன் (அ) வானவரம்பன் என்ற சொல்லுக்கு வானை முட்டும் மலையினை உடையவன் என்று பொருள்

    இவர்களுக்குஆதியிலிருந்துசேரன்,மலையன்,வானவராயன்,மலையமான்,மலைராயன்,வானகோவரயன்,மலைராயன்,குறு வழுதி, மகதை நாடாழ்வான்,செம்பை நாயகன்,பொன் தின்னன் முதலிய பல பெயர்களால் அழைக்கபட்டனர்


    கொங்கு மண்டல அகமுடையார்
    சேர நாட்டில் இருந்து வெளியேறிய மக்கள் வாளை ஆற்றின் வடபகுதி கொங்கு நாடு என பெயர் பெறுகிறது. மக்கள் கொங்கு மண்டலத்தை அடைந்தனர் அங்கு இருந்த பூர்வகுடி வெள்ளாளர்களுடன் இணைந்து அவர்கள் சார்ந்த விவசாயதை அகமுடையார் மேற்கொண்டனர்.இவர்கள் சேர நாட்டின் வீர கேரளன் என்பவனின் வழிவந்தவர்கள் மலை நாட்டு அகமுடையார்.

    No. 514 (Page No 345)
    (A. R. No. 487 of 1909)
    Solapuram, Sivaganga Taluk, Ramanathapuram District
    West wall of the same verandah.
    Jatavarman Tribh Parakramapandyadeva: S. 1244 and 8th year,
    Mithuna (Ani) 28, su. 15, Wednesday, Chittirai-1322 A.D., June 23. The tithi was su. 8.
    This inscription is damaged in some places.
    It records that the mahasabhai of Sri[.....] mangalam alias Taniyanai [Vira]pandyach chaturvvedimangalam, a Brahmadeyam, in Ari-nadu, sold some land comprising Sakaraneri in the southern quarter of their village, as karanmachchenmam to a certain Suriyadevan Tampikku Nallaperumal alias Pillai Sundarapandya Vanakovaraiyar, an [Agappavirar / Agamudyar] mudali of the king, of Arukkai Kunrattur in Anma-nadu, as vadak-kadamai to the temple of the god Vikramapandisvaramudaiya-nayanar of Solapuram in Anma-nadu. It is stated that the mahasabhai sold the village of Sakaraneri for 500 panam and granted all the taxes, etc., that it yielded to the temple of the god mentioned above and had ordered the transfer of the land to the grants of lands of the temple after removing it from the village of the sabhai. A number of signatories are listed at the end.
    The engraver on stones was Sambandan Appan alias Viravinoda Achariyan the sirpachariyan of the same nadu.

    The above chola inscription makes it clear that Vankovarayar or vannavarayar which mean the bana lineage are of the Agamudayar origins that is the reason some of the kootams of the kongu vellala's are prefixed with Mudali / Mudali Kaminden...

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Interesting link indeed. It also points to the geographical spread of the Agamudaya I guess.

      Delete
  4. Hi everyone. Greeting from Singapore.

    I would like to know if there was any Zamindar family in Rasipuram. May be past 100 years or any existing one.

    I would really appreciate any info as im looking for family route from rasipuram.

    Thank you.

    ReplyDelete